With a new generation of blood pressure medication, women are starting to see their blood pressure drop.
A new study finds women with the blood pressure drug oxindol are much more likely to be overweight or obese, while women with higher blood pressures have a much higher risk of having diabetes.
“It is a major concern to our medical community that obesity may contribute to the development of diabetes,” said Dr. William S. Miller, MD, associate professor of medicine at Yale University School of Medicine.
Miller and colleagues analyzed data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), conducted in 2000 and 2001, and from the National Health Interview Survey, conducted in 2011 and 2012.
In their study, the researchers looked at the relationship between obesity and the blood pressures of 8,865 women.
Women who had hypertension had a 2.9-point higher risk for diabetes compared with those who did not have hypertension, which was 1.5 points higher.
The researchers also found that those who had high blood pressures were more likely than those with lower blood pressures to have diabetes, which is a common complication of hypertension.
The authors cautioned that the results of the study are based on a small group of women, which makes it difficult to know if the risk is actually higher in the general population.
“This is an important first step to understanding whether or not obesity is associated with diabetes and other health problems,” said Miller.
“We need more research to identify if obesity has a causal effect on diabetes.”
A study in the Journal of the American Medical Association published in May 2018 also found a link between obesity, diabetes and high blood sugar levels, though the authors noted that this was a small study.
Miller said the new study will be a great resource for physicians in treating obesity and other conditions that could be linked to high blood sugars.
He also pointed out that the prevalence of diabetes in the U.S. has been increasing, as has the prevalence in the elderly.
“The prevalence of obesity is on the rise,” Miller said.
“And the people who are obese are also at higher risk.”
Miller is not the first to find a link, though.
In January, a report in the journal Diabetes Care found that the overall prevalence of hypertension among the general American population is higher than that of older adults, as well as among African-Americans and Hispanics.